When English Is Not Enough: Cabrera v. Escamilla
Shifting global demographics continue to produce political discourses on immigration. In the United States, history continues to repeat itself through the forged rhetorical relationship between individuals who speak English and individuals who are considered â€śAmerican.â€ť As the debate over immigration reform intensifies, so do efforts to regulate/restrict all languages deemed â€śforeign.â€ť In Arizona, both officeholders and seekers who do not read, write, speak and understand English â€śsufficiently wellâ€ť risk having their candidacy revoked. This was the case with former city-council candidate in the southern Arizona border city of San Luis, Alejandrina Cabrera. This essay argues that the political history of Arizona, as it pertains to matters of an English-only society, has historically operated within the restricted parameters of a paranoid style whereby the Cabrera case illustrates its modern metamorphosis.